What is Judging?
What does the Bible say about Judging?
Everyone will go through divine judgment. The Bible says in 2 Corinthians 5:10: "For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what he has done in the body."
Revelation 20:12-15: "And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, by what they had done. And the sea gave up the dead in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and all were judged by what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; and if any one's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire."
Nothing can be hidden at the trial. The Bible says in Ecclesiastes 12:14: "For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil."
Who judged Jesus Christ?
After the arrest of Christ, he was taken to the home of the High Priest. Peter, the first of the apostles, who was at the scene, when accused by a woman of being a friend of Jesus, replied: "Woman, I do not even know him".
Jesus Christ was then taken to the Sanhedrin, headed by Caiaphas, who was an assembly of 75 people, who, in addition to administrative functions, had the power to judge. However, he could not be sentenced to death for the crimes Jesus was accused of, because such punishments had lighter penalties. For this reason, he was taken to Pontius Pilate, Roman governor, who had the power to judge, who said that Christ refused to collect taxes, was said to be the king of the Jews and incited rebellion throughout Judea, these are conducts of interest to the Roman Empire.
Pilate, not convinced of the seriousness of the reported and considering the fact that Christ was from Galilee, sent him to Herod Antipas to judge him. However, when he found nothing that incriminated him and saw no sign of Jesus doing miracles, he sent him back to Pilate.
However, Pontius Pilate refused to condemn Christ. Three times he hesitated to allow the maximum sanction, but, pressured by the threat from the priests, who implied that this could be brought to the attention of imperor Caesar, and under the shouts of the population, who asked for the death penalty, he relented. Pilate asked to be brought water, washed his hands and, saying he was innocent of what was happening, handed Christ over to the crowd, so that the death sentence they so longed for would be carried out.
Quem tem autoridade para julgar?
Only judges have public authority AND the power to judge us.
What does the civil court judge?
Judges of law of civil courts have generic and full competence in the matter of their denomination, including with regard to the causes of low economic value or less complexity, except for the privatization of other judges, and they are also responsible for complying with pertinent civil jurisdiction.
Can one person judge another?
When it comes to judging, what is the first sentence that you remember? Probably, it is this "do not judge not to be judged".
This phrase is a Biblical truth, but people have learned the meaning of this passage in the wrong way and repeat it religiously to justify their wrong attitudes so that no one can correct them.
The bad habit of people in relation to the Word of God is to read verses and analyzed individually or out of context, and we must analyze the Bible in its entirety.
The phrase "do not judge in order not to be judged" is based on the verses in Matthew 7:1-2, in which the Lord Jesus teaches the crowd and the disciples.
Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get.
What kind of judgment did Jesus speak? The following verses answer that question.
Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' when there is the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye.
Jesus spoke about the attitude of pointing out defects in a person based on his own opinion without recognizing his own mistakes.
In the justice of men, when a person is before a judge, there are two possibilities: absolution or sentencing. One of the two paths is sentenced based on parameters that are defined by the law of the country, which is the truth taken as a reference in that country's territory.
Nobody likes to be corrected, because it does not produce good emotions or good feelings, that is, it does not please the soul. However, the Lord teaches us in His Word that he who accepts rebuke is wise and prudent.
1 Corinthians 6
Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? 3 Do you not know that we are to judge angels? How much more, matters pertaining to this life! 4 If then you have such cases, why do you lay them before those who are least esteemed by the church? 5 I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no man among you wise enough to decide between members of the brotherhood
Observe these verses carefully. In verse 2, Paul states that the saints, everyone who believes in Jesus as Lord and Savior and has a sanctified life (set apart for God), will judge the world, and this will happen at the end of Christ's Millennial Kingdom. Are we, then, unworthy to judge people's attitudes and disagreements?
In verse 3, the Holy Spirit gives Paul yet another revelation, which says that everyone who believes in the Lord Jesus and has an obedient life to God will judge the angels. Why then is it that we cannot judge the things of this life? In verse 5, Paul still asks the Corinthians if there is no one able among the brothers to judge?
Judging is the responsibility of the Christian who obeys God, but no one, even if he thinks he is most obedient to God, can make any judgment according to his own opinion. Pay close attention: God does not want you to judge people according to what you think. He expects you to judge according to His Word, rebuking the person in love so that he can repent. To do this, you must know the Word of God and show that person what God's will is in relation to the mistake he made.
From this moment on, do not allow the omission to remain in your life, take your position in Jesus Christ and minister the truth (the Word of God) to people.
The Lord still teaches us that the one who rebukes the man will have even more friendship with him than the one who praises him falsely.
What is the Judgment Seat of Christ?
Answer: Romans 14:10-12 says: "Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of God; for it is written, "As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall give praise to God." So each of us shall give account of himself to God.”
2 Corinthians 5:10 tells us: "For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what he has done in the body." In the context of the two Scriptures, it is clear that they refer to Christians, not to non-believers. The Judgment Seat of Christ, therefore, involves believers giving accounts of their lives to Christ. The Judgment Seat of Christ does not determine salvation; this was determined by Christ's sacrifice in our place (1 John 2:2), and our faith in Him (John 3:16). All of our sins are forgiven and we will never be condemned for them (Romans 8:1). We should not look at the Judgment Seat of Christ as God judging our sins, but as God rewarding us for our lives. Yes, as the Scriptures say, we will have to account for our lives. Part of this is, of course, being accountable for the sins we have committed. However, this will not be the main focus of the Judgment Seat of Christ.
At the Judgment Seat of Christ, believers are rewarded based on how faithfully they served Christ (1 Corinthians 9:4-27; 2 Timothy 2:5). The things by which we will be judged are likely to be how faithfully we obey the Great Commission (Matthew 28:18-20), how victorious we were over sin (Romans 6:1-4), how well we control our language (James 3:1-9), etc. The Bible speaks of believers receiving crowns for different things based on how faithfully they served Christ (1 Corinthians 9:4-27; 2 Timothy 2:5). The various crowns are described in 2 Timothy 2:4-8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4 and Revelation 2:10. James 1:12 is a good summary of how we should think about the Judgment Seat of Christ: "Blessed is the man who endures trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life which God has promised to those who love him."
Do you have a different Judgment for believers and unbelievers?
Many Christians believe that the Scriptures reveal three different judgments to come. The first will be the "goat and sheep" judgment or a "judgment of the nations", as seen in Matthew 25:31-36. They believe that it will occur after the Great tribulation period, but before the millennium, and that it will serve to determine who will enter the millennial kingdom. The second is a judgment on the works of believers, which is often referred to as the “Judgement Seat of Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:10), in which Christians will receive degrees of reward for their deeds or services to God. The third is the judgment of the “great White Throne”, at the end of the millennium (Revelation 20:11-15); which is the judgment of unbelievers, in which they will be judged according to their works and sentenced to eternal punishment in the lake of fire.
What is the Final Judgment?
Revelation 20:11 I saw a great white throne and one that sits on it: The white throne appears only here, but the idea of divine judgment appears in several texts in the Old and New Testaments. The throne shows dominance, and white represents holiness. We often find declarations of divine justice against individuals or peoples here on earth. Other times, the image is of the final judgment. Many interpret this passage as the final judgment, and certainly some of the ideas presented here can be applied to the final judgment. But, as we have been doing since the beginning of our study of this book, we must first seek application in context before making further applications of the principles taught here.
Once again, the Daniel 7 scene helps. The Elder of Days presides over the court that opens the books and condemns the insolent horn of the fourth animal (Daniel 7:8-11). In the interpretation of the vision, the saints possess the kingdom, the fourth animal (Rome) pursues them, "But the court shall sit in judgment, and his dominion shall be taken away, to be consumed and destroyed to the end." (Daniel 7:26). On this basis, we must apply the judgment of Revelation 20 first to the servants of the beast who persecuted the saints.
I also saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne: The tendency of many commentators is to see here the resurrection on the last day and the final judgment. The Bible clearly teaches that there will be a resurrection of all and a judgment "before the judgment seat of Christ" (2 Corinthians 5:10; John 5:27-29). In this excerpt, we can see some principles that apply to the final judgment, but it seems to me more consistent to make the initial application in the context of the defeat of the devil and his persecuting allies. The parallel with Daniel 7 continues to guide us, suggesting that the context of the Roman government, the fourth animal, still determines the main application.
The dead, in this case, would be those who dedicated themselves to the beast. There is no mention here of reward for the faithful, only of condemnation of the wicked. In the “first resurrection” (20:5), the worshipers of the Lamb were exalted to reign with him. Here, we can see a second resurrection - of the worshipers of the beast, the great and the small (cf. 13:16), who will be condemned with it.
Then, books were opened. Yet another book, the Book of Life, was opened. And the dead were judged, according to their works, according to what was written in the books .: There is a distinction here between the books and the Book of Life. The books, of course, represent the record of their acts and show the righteousness of God's judgment (cf. Daniel 7:10), while the Book of Life represents a list of the saved (cf. Daniel 12:1; Philippians 4:3 Revelation 3:5; 13:8; 17:8; 21:27).
The sea gave the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead in them: No dead person was exempt from this judgment. Even the wicked delivered to Death and Hades (6:7-8) are brought to trial. God has dominion, and no one can protect the dead persons from His judgment.
And they were judged, one by one, according to their works: The servants of the beast are judged in the same way that everyone will be judged on the last day (2 Corinthians 5:10). God is just, and will give each one according to his works.
Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire: Death and Hades are enemies of God, but they are dominated, used and overcome by the Lord. There are several meanings or contexts in which Jesus overcomes Death and Hades (the Greek Hades - region of the dead, hell). In the past, He overcame it in His resurrection (Acts 2:24-31; Romans 6:9; 2 Timothy 1:10). At present, faithful servants participate in the victory over death (Romans 8:2, 38-39; Hebrews 2:15; 1 John 3:14). In the future, death is the last enemy to be overcome (1 Corinthians 15:26). Here, in relation to the war of the dragon and its beasts against the saints, death and Hades are defeated and cast into the lake of fire.